Types Of Smart Sensors For Agriculture
Rapid social development, climate change, reduced rainfall and increased demand for food have all had a big impact on agriculture. This has had a negative impact on traditional farming practices. It is understood that we will be equipped with smart sensors in the agricultural sector.
The current situation wants farming to become more “smart” by using modern and intelligent technologies. To find the solutions for the best utilization of resources, meeting the global population’s ever-increasing consumption needs.
Smart sensors in agriculture provide data that helps farmers monitor and optimize their crops and keep updated with changing environmental and ecosystem factors.
A smart agriculture sensors helps the animal Identification, heat detection, and health monitoring, And helps to separate and treat sick cows while locating and tracking their herd. Smart sensors in agriculture, farmers can understand their crops and their productivity, sustain resources, and can prevent or control the crops from environmental impact or disater.
What is the Role of Sensors in Agriculture?
Sensors used in agriculture for smart farming are known agriculture sensors.
They provide data that helps farmers to monitor and optimize crops with environmental conditions and challenges.
These sensors in agriculture installed and fixed in weather stations, drones, and robots used in the agriculture industry.
They can be controlled by mobile apps precisely, which develops for this purpose.
Agri sensors based on wireless connectivity; they can be controlled directly using wifi or through cellular towers with the help of mobile phone applications.
Types Of The Sensors In Agriculture
A sensor is an easy and small tool that measures or detects natural world conditions such as motion, heat, or light and converts this condition into an analogue or digital representation.
There are many types of sensors used in agriculture for smart agriculture incorporates.
Optical Sensors In Agriculture
It employs light to measure soil properties, various frequencies of light. These sensors placed on vehicles or drones, allowing soil reflectance and plant colour data to be gathered and processed. Optical sensors can determine clay, organic matter, and soil moisture content.
Electrochemical Sensors For Soil Nutrient Detection
It helps to collect soil chemical data. Electrochemical sensors provide information sensors for soil nutrient detection. Soil samples are sent to a soil-testing lab. Specific measurements, especially the determination of pH, are performed utilizing an ion-selective electrode. These electrodes sense the activity of particular ions, such nitrate, potassium, or hydrogen.
Mechanical Soil Sensors For Agriculture
These sensors use a mechanism that cuts through the soil and documents the force measured by pressure scales or load cells.
When a sensor cuts through the soil, it records the holding forces resulting from the cutting, breaking, and displacing of soil. Soil mechanical resistance measured in a unit of pressure and represents the ratio of the force required to enter the soil medium to the frontal area of the tool engaged with the soil.
Dielectric Soil Moisture Sensors
It measures moisture levels in the soil. The moisture sensors use in connection with rain check locations throughout the farm. This allows for the observation of soil moisture conditions when vegetation level is low.
Location Sensors In Agriculture
These sensors determine the range, distance and height of any position within the required area. They take the help of GPS satellites for this purpose.
It installed on tractors and other field equipment to check equipment operations. Then, cellular and satellite communication systems used to convey the data immediately to computers or e-mail it to people. The field executive can then recover the information on their office computer or cell phone.
Its measurements can made at particular locations while on the go. The desired output is the pressure needed to push a decided amount of air into the ground at a prescribed depth. Various soil properties, including compaction, structure, soil type, and moisture level, produce a different identifying signature.
Agriculture Sensors IOT
This sensor provides information such as air temperature, soil temperature at various depths, rainfall, leaf wetness, chlorophyll, wind speed, dew point temperature, wind direction, relative humidity, solar radiation, and atmospheric pressure is measured and recorded at scheduled intervals.
There is a big list of sensors used in agriculture IOT sensors which means (Solutions for Smart Farming).